How to design and manufacture PCBs? How to select components?

PCB CAD Aperture File Types

Configuring the file types for every PCB design process.


Selecting the appropriate components for your circuits.


Impedance in electrical circuits is a kind of signal interference that must be controlled to establish a reliable circuit performance.

PCB Layers

PCBs are made up of layers that fulfill certain tasks. Copper as the conductor, lamination for adhesive, solder mask as the insulation layer, and silkscreen as the guide.

PCB Design Tips

Basics on how to design PCB for safe and efficient processing, assembly, and performance.

PCB Design Software and File Types

PCB Design Software, Gerber File Format

PCB Surface Finish

HASL, OSP, ENIG, ImAg, ImSn, and Hard Gold.

PCB Types

Standard and rigid-flex PCBs, HDI PCBs.

Package Types and Soldering

THT, SMT, and Mixed Technology.

Stackup Design

Configuring your multilayer PCB must be done with a set of rules for the best performance.

Tolerances & Clearances

The machining process, machining tolerances and clearance requirements for design, manufacturing, and assembly.

Vias & Holes

Drilled Holes and Vias.

PCB Stencil

Stencils are the 'mold' for soldermask placements on to PCBs. How to design and handle these stencils for different PCBs?