Stackup involves the size and organization of the different PCB layers to make up an efficiently working circuit board. These involve different types of layers and should be done with a set of rules, to ensure your designed PCB retains the signal integrity, quality, and is cost-efficient throughout the production processes, and throughout its lifetime.
The design of how PCB layers are positioned, along with their dimensions and other deciding parameters is known as stackup. Designing how the stackup of a multilayered PCB is extremely important as they decide on how the PCB process sequence were to be carried out, how its impedance is, and what manufacturing materials are used. [STACKUP DESIGN IMAGE HERE]
The stackup design ensures the best working performance for multi layer circuit boards. The configuration of multilayer PCB must be symmetrical on both sides, taking the example of the simplest multilayer boards:
During the process of designing your multilayer PCBs, there are several board material choices present:
These choices of materials can be used for both prototyping and mass production. However, the number of layers, board thickness, and copper weights limitations for the two stages are different.
|Layers||Up to 40||Up to 20|
|Thickness||0.15 - 6.40 mm||0.20 - 5.00 mm|
|Inner copper weight||0.5 - 10 oz||0.5 - 4.0 oz|
|Outer copper weight||0.3 - 11 oz||0.5 - 5.0 oz|
The inner copper weight is the substrate/RCC’s specific copper thickness, and the outer copper weight is the added copper layer done by the process of electroplating. For example, the term 0.5 oz+plated means the initial 0.5 inner copper weight is to be electroplated by an additional of 0.5 oz (the standard parameter of copper plating). In this example, the total outer copper weight will amount to 1.0 oz.
The general stackup design is done in this format: